All over the world, India is well known as a country of traditional and cultural festivals because it is a country of multi-religious and multi-culture. In India, one can enjoy festivals every month. It is a secular country full of diversities in religion, language, culture and caste, it is always full of people in fests of fairs and festivals. People belonging to every religion have their own cultural and traditional festivals.
Some festivals are celebrated by people of all religions throughout the nation. They celebrate every festival in a different fashion according to the important history, customs and faith behind them. Every festival has a history, mythology and a special significance of celebrating. The people of India living abroad celebrate India’s festivals with great enthusiasm and passion.
India is a country which is an example of unity in diversity because Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and Jains, etc., reside together. Some festivals are celebrated at the national level while some are celebrated at the regional level. According to the method and religion, festivals are classified into different categories.
A lot of cultural and traditional festivals are celebrated by the people of Hinduism all over the world. Hinduism is considered to be the oldest organized religion in the whole world and is also counted as the third largest religion in the world.
Every Hindu festival has its own special method of celebrating, giving a ganges water bath to deiteis and goddesses, fasting, bathing in gangawaters early in the morning, donating, listening to the story, offering holocaust, Aarti, etc., by which the worship is done. All the people of Hinduism celebrate their festivals together without caring for caste, age, and gender.
The date of Hindu festivals is decided according to the dates of the Hindu calendar, the lunar calendar depending on the speed of the sun and moon throughout the year. Some Hindu festivals are celebrated as historical mythology, some on changing weather and some to keep the environment clean. Some of the festivals are celebrated by the people of the particular sect or in the Indian subcontinent.
There are many ancient and sacred religious scriptures (Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata, and Ramayana, Rigveda, Samveda, Yajurveda, Atharvveda) Hindu goddess, etc., there are many beliefs in Hinduism. The day of birth and death of deities in Hinduism is also celebrated with great enthusiasm such as dance, song, etc.
Below is the list of all Hindu festivals:
Hindu Festivals Date 2022
Lohri 13 January, Monday
Makar Sankranti 15 January, Wednesday
Pongal 15 January, Wednesday-18 January, Saturday
Basant Panchami 29 January, Wednesday
Thaipusam 08 February, Saturday
MahaShivratri 21 February, Friday
Holika Dahan 09 March, Monday
Holi 09 March, Monday-10 March, Tuesday
Chaitra Navratri 25 March, Wednesday-3 April, Friday
Ugadi / Telugu New Year 25 March, Wednesday
Gangaur Parv 10 March, Tuesday-27 March, Friday
Mewar Parv 25 March, Wednesday-27 March, Friday
Ram Navami 2 April, Thursday
Vishu Parv 14 April, Tuesday
Mahavir Jayanti 6 April, Monday
Hanuman Jayanti 8 April, Wednesday
RathYatra 23 June, Tuesday
Guru Purnima 5 July, Sunday
Onam 22 August, Saturday-2 September, Wednesday
Raksha Bandhan 3 August, Monday
Kumbh Mela January
Janmashtami 11 August, Tuesday
Ganesh Chaturthi 22 August, Saturday
Brahmotsavam 9 March, Monday-13 March, Friday
Pitra Paksh 1 September, Tuesday-16 September, Wednesday
RamBaaraat 2 April, Thursday
Karwa Chauth October
Dev Uthani Ekadashi November
Goverdhan Puja October
Bhai Dooj October
Chhath Puja November
As India is seen as a multi-religious, cultural, and traditional country, it is also known for its unity in diversity. The Sikh people have a lot of different customs that they celebrate with full-heart and fun. They remember the lives of their ten Sikh Gurus and the lessons they have given. Some Hindu festivals are celebrated by Sikhs due to different reasons.
The method of worship on all festivals in Sikhism is directed in the Sacred Book called “Gurugranth Sahib”, which was first compiled by Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak and later edited by Sikh Guru, Guru Arjun. The Guru Granth of Sikhism has been revered instead of the gods among the people and while celebrating any Sikh festival, they put it in a palanquin and take it out with the public procession. To connect with God, they reiterate Gurubani songs, sacred songs, reading sacred books, and religious songs while celebrating their festivals.
Below is the list of all Sikh festivals:
Sikh Festival Date-2022
Gurugovind Singh Jayanti January
Holla Mohalla March
Sodal Mela September
GuruRamdas Ji Jayanti October
Guru Nanak Jayanti November
The people of Jainism celebrate many customs and religious rituals as festivals. Their customs relate to idolatry in various ways and the festival relates to the events of the life of the Tirthankaras who were involved in the purification of the soul. Their customs are divided into two parts, work and action.
According to Jain Shwetambar, there are six essential duties called the aavashyakaash (essentials) which are as “Chaturvishanti-Stav: Praising Tirthankars, Kayotsaraga: Meditation, Pratikramana: Atonement for past bad deeds, Pratyakhyanaa: To sacrifice the thing, Samayikaa: peace and meditation, Vandan: Respecting gurus to become self-restrained”.
According to Jain Digambar, there are six duties which are “Dana: Dan, Devpuja: Worshipping Tirthankaras, Guru Upasthi: Respecting Gurujans, Becoming self-restraining, Sanyama: controlling yourself by different rules, Swaadhyaaya: reading religious texts, Tapa: Penance” which is the basic custom of Jains.
Below is the list of all Jain festivals:
Jain Festival Date-2022
Deep Diwali November
Mahamastak Abhishek February
Mahavir Jayanti April
India is a land of different cultures and caste because of celebrating colourful festivals by people of different religions. Christianity followers celebrate festivals like Christmas, Easter, Good friday, etc., with fun and great enthusiasm. People of other religions also celebrate Christmas, a sign of unity in diversity in India. There are many famous places in India where Christian festivals are celebrated like Goa, where the oldest and most beautiful churches exist. They feast, pray, and processions are carried out during their celebration.
Below is the list of all Christian festivals:
Christian Feast Date-2022
Good Friday April
The people of Buddhism celebrate by adjoining with their Lord Buddha and Bodhisattva. It is believed that the Buddhist ceremony was first started by Lord Buddha and he advised his devotees to stay in touch with each other to strengthen their bondage. They have their own customs and beliefs to celebrate the historical festivals. They worship historical objects to celebrate their festival.
Their celebration becomes more religious, spiritual and intellectual, which is not obliged to serve any community.
Below is the list of all the Buddhist festivals:
Buddhist Festival Date-2022
Losar Losar Losar February
Buddha Purnima May
Hemis Gompa June
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