Everybody knows the vastness of the Eternal Religion, One of the most ancient religions in the world. Buddhism, Jain, Christian, Islam, etc., were established by their gurus and then propagated by followers, but the facts of Hinduism are quite different. Sanatan Dharma is a great set of different religions and beliefs that have been going on since ancient times.
Whatever rules have been framed for the life of a person in this religion, They also have a scientific basis. Life is divided into four ashrams. While living in these ashrams, it is considered mandatory for man to observe 16 types of Sanskars.
The credit for making these rules of life goes to Maharishi Vedvyas. Sixteen sanskars have been created from the birth of man to death, which purifies his charitable account.
So let’s know these 16 sanskars of the oldest Sanatan Dharma and their importance. Here is the definition of the sacrament-
Maharishi Vedavyas defines the word sanskar and states that the sanskars have many qualities within themselves.
Correcting, rectifying, correction of guilt and error, inculcating positive thoughts in the mind, sanctify yourself, promotion, etiquettes, decency, customs, religious acts, etc. are all part of the sacrament. Sanskar is the consciousness of any religion that teaches those of that religion to live. Rites are the hallmarks of our religious and social life. Provision of 16 rites has been made for Hindus. It is believed that following these increases the human enlightenment and spiritual properties.
However, the number of rites in different scriptures is also different.
Like Maharishi Angira has mentioned 25 sanskars. Whereas, in some places humans are described 48 ways of life. But the most accurate explanation of all this is done by Maharishi Ved Vyas. That is why the 16 rites mentioned by them are prevalent among The Hindus.
Manishis have done research first to make us cultured and social, and then compile the rules after seeing the results. Sixteen Hindu rites have also been recognized by doctors and scientists associated with social sciences and psychology.
First rites: Conception
This is the first rite of human life to receive qualified, virtuous and ideal offspring. This is called conception rites. This rite has been recognized as the first duty after entering the household life.
Parents who wish for the best progeny should perform this rites for the purity of their body and mind for conception. It has been said, “Janmna, Jayate Shudra-Sanskritadwij. That is, all are shudras from birth and the person is made dwig by sanskars.
Under this, a woman and a man should measure their health and mental state before childbirth. Pregnancies should be done only according to rules, dates, constellations etc. so that the baby can be healthy and virtuous.
Second Rite: Punsavan
It takes care to ensure that the future mother’s diet, conduct, behaviour, thinking, emotions are all made better and balanced when they are pregnant. Like good diet, positive atmosphere, family blessings, etc., are very important. If the family environment is not positive after the baby is in the womb, it makes a difference to the mental development of the new life that comes.
Therefore, it is mandatory to perform spiritual pooja lessons, sermons, rituals etc. in families within nine months under the Punsavan sanskar. It is said that the pregnant woman should condone the sacred texts like the Gita and the Ramayana every day. This develops the baby’s thinking system.
3rd rites: Simantonnayan
Simantonnayan sanskar is the only extension of punsavan. It literally means “simant” i.e. ‘hair and upgrade’ i.e. ‘raising’. Under this rites, the husband used to raise his wife’s hair upwards, so the name of the rite became ‘Simantonnayan’.
This sacrament is performed in the sixth or eighth month of pregnancy. This is a type of purification process of the womb.
During this time the baby’s mind and heart are developing. If the mother lives in an environment where good qualities, temperaments and actions are performed, then it certainly has a positive effect on the child’s mind and appearance.
Devotees are said to have given sermons to Prahlad’s mother Kayadhu, Dewari Narad Bhagavad Bhakta. It was heard by Prahlad in the womb. Similarly, Yasputra Shukdev had acquired all the knowledge in her mother’s womb.
4th Rites: Jaatkarma
This is the rite of passage before the umbilical cord is cut off after birth. A mixture of two drops of ghee and six drops of honey is prepared for this purpose. Which is made to be licked with the pronunciation of the ghrit guru mantra. The mother then breastfeeds the child.
The whole process takes about 30 minutes.
Scientists also believe that the baby should be breast-feeding within 30 minutes of birth. However, this rule has already been written in the Sanatan Dharma centuries ago.
Fifth Rites: Naming
It is a psychological fact that humans are called by the way name, he/she has the same kind of small feeling. That is, the name has an effect on its nature. That’s why people change their name when there are troubles in life to reduce the negative impact.
Keeping this in mind, munishris have legislated for a christening ceremony. Take care to keep the child’s qualitative name. The advantage of naming the Nakshatra or the zodiac signs is that it makes it easier to make the horoscope.
Usually this sacrament is performed on the tenth day of birth. On that day, the birth needle is also used for troubleshooting.
6th rites: Evacuation
Evacuation means extrusion. The baby is kept with the mother for a few days even after it has been named. For the first time, under the sacrament, the new born child is given the light of the sun and the moon.
Science also recognizes that if the cold morning sun and the cool shadow of the moon fall on the newborn in the evening, it is protected from serious diseases like jaundice, typhoid.
However, its first munis argue that the idea of making the baby stunning and humble is to prepare. The fourth month of birth is the law of performing this rites. For three months the baby’s body is not conducive to the external environment such as strong sunlight, strong wind, etc.
He is brought into the external environment in the fourth month and then gradually he becomes acquaint.
Seventh Sanskar: Annaprashan
In this rite, the child is taken to eat food. The baby is able to grow only by lactating the mother.
In the sixth month from birth, he has an annaprashan sanskar. In which food is served to the baby in a silver bowl or plate. It is especially fed with kheer.
When hot milk is added to the silver bowl, it contains the nutrients of silver. which are necessary to strengthen the body.
Eighth rites: Mundon/Chudakarm
Our Acharyas has described this rites as a rite of passage in the first, third or fifth year of the child. Mundan sanskar means to remove the unholy hair produced at birth and make the child brighter. Her hair gets contaminated during her nine months in the womb. Since the skin of the head is very soft at first, the hair is not removed.
As soon as the baby reaches the age of one year or more, his skin matures. Mundan sanskar leads to the elimination of many defects. This rite happens with the whole mantra. In which Muhurat and Nakshatra Dasha have special significance.
Ninth Rites: Ear-Piercing
Ear piercing is mandatory not only for daughters but also for sons.
In scientific terms it is called acupuncture. According to which acupuncture calms the mind of the person and the movement of his heart is normal. Whereas, according to religious facts, ear-piercing removes diseases and the hearing power also increases.
According to Yotish Shastra, this rite is performed in the auspicious Muhurat of Shukla Paksha.
Tenth Sanskar: Vidyarambha
During the ancient period, when gurukul was a tradition, the knowledge of alphabets are given in the house before sending the child for Vedadhyan. Even today, on the day of Basant Panchami, the letter is made to write for the first time from the child.
It is only in Shubh Muhurat that Vidyarambha Sanskar begins and after that the child starts his studies.
Eleventh Rites: Yagyopavita/Upnayan
Ceremony of wearing sacred thread Yagyopavita (Sanskrit Joint Dissecting The Yagya+Upviet) means taking the pass and nayan to the Guru means upanayan sanskar.
The child is dressed with janeu.
A sacred thread made of yarn that a yajnopavita man wears above the left shoulder and under the right arm. Our mystics have provided for imbibing Vedmata Gayatri through this rite.
Twelfth Rite: Vedarambha
It gives the knowledge of the Vedas to the individual.
However, in today’s scenario it is almost over but some families have kept this tradition alive. If the child is not aware of the Vedas in the school, it is the family’s responsibility to inform him of his religion, culture, Vedas.
In ancient times, before Vedarambha, the acharya promised his disciples to follow the celibacy fast and lead a moderate life. At the same time, he was able to get his exams done.
Thirteenth Rites: Keshant
This sanskar was performed before the Acharya after completing the Vedadhyayan in Gurukul.
However, now that Gurukul is not there, the utility of this sanskar is disappearing. This sanskar is an undertaking to bid farewell to Gurukul and enter the household. For the first time, the child shaves its beard and takes a bath and become pure.
Fourteenth rites: Samaavartan Concurrent
This means celibacy is psychologically designed for life’s struggles.
When bathing after the keshant rites, it comes under the sacrament. This bath was accompanied by a special chanting. At the same time, the child is allowed to attend the marriage rites.
Fifteenth Rites: Marriage
After following the celibacy fast from Yagyopavita to the Samavartan Sanskar, the child is given the right to marry and start a household life. After veddhyayan, when the young man has the ability and maturity to perform the social tradition.
Only then is he made a part of a family-like responsibility. Hinduism has been mandated to observe the fast of celibacy for about twenty-five years. In our scriptures, there are eight types of marriages mentioned: Brahm, Divine, Aarsh, Prajapatya, Aasur, Gandharva, Monster and Vampire.
Sixteenth rites: Cremation
It has been customary to burn the dead body in an vegetative manner when someone dies.
This process is called funeral rites or funeral rites. According to Hinduism, the right to give a fire to the father and mother rests only with the son. However, now social change is coming and daughters are also discharging the funeral.
Under the funeral, it is mandatory to perform separate actions for 13 days.
It is only after following these 16 sanskars that the life of man on earth is considered complete. A fixed age limit has been set for each rite to be performed. Thus, the life span of a person in sanatan religion is tied to 16 sanskars.
Our sanskars are the only consciousness and strength of our lives and will remain.
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